Roni Hossain was born in Dhaka, Bangladesh and completed his primary education from Khilbarirtake Islamia High School, Dhaka. Then he completed his S.S.C. from Harbaid High School, Gazipur and HSC from Notre Dame College, Dhaka. He did his B.Sc. and M.Sc. in Economics from Jahangirnagar University. In B.Sc. examinations he secured first class third position in his class. In his campus life he was the vice-president of Jahangirnagar University IT Society (JUITS). He also engaged himself in various student organizations in Jahangirnagar University.
After graduation he joined Notre Dame University Bangladesh as a Lecturer of Economics in the Department of Economics.
He has attained training on Advanced Research Methodology, Leadership Skill, Statistics Software STATA, etc. He obtained efficiency in Microeconomics, Statistics, Econometrics, International economics, Labor Economics, Game Theory etc. In future he desires to do research on these areas of Economics.